What is Keratoconus?
Keratoconus is a non-inflammatory eye condition that leads to the thinning and conical distortion of the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye. This structural change alters the cornea's ability to focus light properly onto the retina, resulting in distorted and blurred vision.
Causes of Keratoconus:
While the exact cause of Keratoconus is not fully understood, several factors are believed to contribute to its development. These include genetic predisposition, environmental influences, and possible hormonal imbalances. Regular eye examinations are crucial for early detection, especially if there's a family history of the condition.
Early stages of Keratoconus might exhibit subtle signs, gradually progressing over time. Common symptoms include:
Blurred or distorted vision, even with prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Increased sensitivity to light (photophobia) and glare.
Frequent changes in prescription lenses.
Halos around lights, particularly at night.
Eye irritation and rubbing due to discomfort.